A year-old transgender woman on hormone treatment complains of lumps in her breast. Misclassification of sex in central cancer registries. Published online Jan American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Health care for transgender individuals.
Annual chest wall and axillary exam [ 58 ]. Fenway Health website; [updated It has been suggested that transgender women with a BRCA gene mutation should use the same screening guidelines as cisgender mutation carriers [ 54 ]. Transgender Women Apart from the prospective and retrospective cohorts from the Netherlands and U.
It is important that the clinic environment is welcoming, the medical staff utilize accepted terminology and patients are able to designate their gender and personal history to ensure appropriate care. Recently published papers of particular interest have been highlighted as: Among those ten cases we observed that age at diagnosis tended to be younger than in cisgender populations, with a median age 48 compared to age 61 in cisgender females. Mammography may not be feasible in this group. Breast cancer in female-to-male transsexuals:
Conclusion Radiologists need to be knowledgeable about hormone and surgical treatments for transgender individuals that influence imaging appearance and risk for breast diseases. Breast cancer development in transsexual subjects receiving cross-sex hormone treatment. The effects of long term testosterone administration on pulsatile luteinizing hormone secretion and on ovarian histology in eugonadal female to male transsexual subjects. Adjectives to describe a person whose gender and gender expression aligns with that assigned to them at birth. Breast augmentation by direct injection of particles such as silicone, mineral oil, liquid paraffin, or petrolatum jelly presents a special challenge for imaging.